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 較為詳細箱式電阻爐的使用注意

箱式電阻爐是用來供實驗室、工礦企業、科研單位作元素分析測定和一般小型鋼件淬火、退火、回火等熱處理時加熱用的爐型。它也可以叫做馬弗爐。由于箱式電阻爐使用時溫度很高,高可達到1800℃。所以在使用時有很多注意事項,下面小編就給大家講一些箱式電阻爐的使用注意:
Box type resistance furnace is used for laboratory, industrial and mining enterprises, scientific research units for element analysis and determination, and general small steel quenching, annealing, tempering and other heat treatment heating furnace. It can also be called muffle furnace. Because the temperature of box resistance furnace is very high, the temperature can reach 1800 ℃. So there are a lot of precautions in use, the following small series will tell you about the use of some box resistance furnace
a.箱式電阻爐在使用前,必 須先在低溫下烘烤數小時,要緩慢的升溫,以防爐膛受潮后因溫度的急劇變化而破裂。
a. Before using the box resistance furnace, it must be baked for several hours at low temperature, and the temperature should be raised slowly, so as to prevent the furnace from cracking due to the rapid change of temperature.


b.箱式電阻爐使用時的爐溫不得超過高溫度,以免燒毀電熱元件,400℃以上不能升溫太快,以免影響測量結果和爐子的壽命。
b. When the box type resistance furnace is used, the furnace temperature shall not exceed the high temperature, so as to avoid burning the electric heating elements. The temperature rise above 400 ℃ shall not be too fast, so as not to affect the measurement results and the service life of the furnace.
C.禁止向爐膛內灌注各種液體及熔解的金屬。
C. It is forbidden to pour all kinds of liquid and molten metal into the furnace.
d.在箱式電阻爐加熱時,爐外套也會變熱,應使爐子遠離易燃物,并保持爐外易散熱。操作人員也要需注意安 全,謹防燙 傷。
d. When the box type resistance furnace is heated, the outer shell of the furnace will also become hot. Keep the furnace away from inflammables and keep it easy to dissipate heat outside the furnace. Operators should also pay attention to safety and avoid scalding.
e.箱式電阻爐使用時,要專人時常觀察,防止自控失靈造成事故,晚間無人值班時,切勿使用箱式電阻爐。
e. When the box type resistance furnace is used, special personnel should be assigned to observe it frequently to prevent accidents caused by automatic control failure. When no one is on duty at night, the box type resistance furnace should not be used.
f.箱式電阻爐使用完畢,應切斷電源,使其自然降溫。不應立即打開爐門,以免爐膛突然受冷碎裂,如急用,可先開一條小縫,讓其降溫速度稍微加 快,待爐膛溫度降至安 全溫度時,方可開爐門取出實驗物料。
f. After the box type resistance furnace is used, the power supply should be cut off to make it cool naturally. The furnace door should not be opened immediately to avoid sudden cold cracking of the furnace. In case of emergency, a small gap can be opened first to speed up the cooling rate slightly. When the furnace temperature drops to a safe temperature, the furnace door can be opened to take out the experimental materials.
以上就是小編給大家分享的箱式電阻爐的使用注意。大家一定要認真的閱讀、學習,避免在使用過程中因操作不當而造成安 全事故。
The above is a small series to share with you the use of box resistance furnace attention. We must read and study carefully to avoid safety accidents caused by improper operation.

 
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